The subject

The aim of the Histology for dentistry students 1. subject is to learn the basics of histology. Histological knowledge is the necessary for understanding physiological and pathophysiological processes. During the semester you will get acquainted with the light and electron microscopic structure, and functional aspects of the basic tissues. This is the first part of a two-semester subject.

In the histology practices, the students must work in the Histology Workbook and make a sketch of every slide studied during the semester. The goal of the drawings in not the brush-up of your artistic skills, or replacing the micro-photos, but it is an excellent tool to motivate you to study every detail of the slide. A good schematic drawing shows that you examined and understood the important features of the actual tissue.

The exam

The exam is an oral-practical exam at the end of the semester.

  • The students enroll for the oral practical semester exam individually, according to the regulations of the regulation of the Medical School (ETR). In general, three or four students are present in the place of the exam. One of them is performing, the others are preparing. The exam consists of two parts, including practical and theoretical questions. Each part of the exam is scored ("part-scores"). The students take an envelope with two slides. You have cca. 30 minutes to get prepared with the topics. The (active part of the) exam lasts for about 20-40 minutes. .

    Parts of the exam:

    We call your attention that the semester will be accepted only (you will be allowed to sit for the exam) if you did not exceed the absence limit (see information of absences), and your histology lab teacher accepted your Histology Workbook.

    Exam questions

    Histology slides

    1. Simple squamous epithelium (mesothelium) AgNO3
    2. Simple squamous & cuboidal epithelium HE
    3. Mucous and serous glands HE
    4. Simple columnar epithelium with striated border HE
    5. Simple columnar kinociliated epithelium Fe-H
    6. Pseudostratified columnar epithelium with stereocilia. HE
    7. Pseudostratified columnar epithelium with stereocilia. AZAN
    8. Pseudostratified columnar epithelium. with kinocilia PAS-H
    9. Stratified columnar epithelium, multicellular intraepithelial glands HE
    10. Transitional epithelium HE
    11. Non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.HE
    12. Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium HE
    13. Pigmented epithelium (non-stained)
    14. Goblet cells (jejunum) PAS-H
    15. Glands of skin (armpit) HE
    16. Glands of skin (armpit) AZAN
    17. Glands of skin, melanocytes (hairy skin) HE
    18. Dense, regular c.t. HE
    19. Elastic fibers (aorta) orcein
    20. Reticular fibers AgNO3
    21. Fibroblasts & fibrocytes (scar tissue) HE
    22. Fibroblasts & fibrocytes (cultured) gentian-violet
    23. Adipose tissue (small vessels) HE
    24. Brown adipose tissue HE
    25. Mucous c.t. (Wharton`s jelly) HE
    26. Reticular c.t PAS-H
    27. Fibrous cartilage HE
    28. Hyaline cartilage PAS-H
    29. Elastic cartilage Orcein-H
    30. Ground compact bone, t. s. fuchsine.
    31. Ground compact bone, l. s. fuchsine
    32. Intramembranous bone formation HE
    33. Intracartilaginous bone formation HE
    34. Intracartilaginous bone formation AZAN
    35. Smooth muscle HE
    36. Striated (skeletal) muscle HE
    37. Striated (skeletal) muscle Fe-H
    38. Cardiac muscle l.s. HE
    39. Cardiac muscle t.s. HE
    40. Peripheral nerve HE
    41. Peripheral nerve AZAN
    42. Peripheral nerve OsO4
    43. Sensory ganglion HE
    44. Sensory ganglion. AgNO3
    45. Autonomic ganglion AgNO3
    46. Human blood smear May-Grünwald-Giemsa
    47. Red bone marrow HE
    48. Aorta HE
    49. Medium sized artery & vein HE
    50. Medium sized artery & vein Orcein
    51. Small vessels (uterine tube) HE

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