PTE-AOK Anatomy

Teaching supplement
for UP-MS students




Bones, joints


Virtual anatomy

Borderline anatomy
Clinical anatomy








These WEB pages were prepared for the students of the University Pécs, Medical School to help them in their Anatomy studies. The availability of the pages is limited. The password, required to reach these pages, is available in the Anatomy Department (message board) or the students of the Univ. Pécs, Medical School can also ask for it via E-mail from Dr. Gabriella Horvath or Dr. Judit Horváth.

The messages provide technical information on the Anatomy studies, like exam questions, usage of histolgy- and autopsy-rooms, etc. The teaching supplement pages were prepared by the teachers of the Anatomy Department. These contain "electronic textbooks" and collections of figures mostly presented in the lectures. The material, found hereby, does not substitute the practices and lectures in any extent just provides extra help in learning. The electronic textbooks summarizes required background-information for the practices and the copies of the figures are intended to help in preparing notes in the lectures. Using these WEB pages, it is not necessary to copy the figures while taking notes in the lectures just writing down the explanations. This is why, in most of the cases, we do not provide any written explanations with the figures here in the WEB.

The authors maintain the full copyright on the figures and text in these WEB pages. Based on this, making any hard- or electronic copy of the materials found here, except for personal use of the active students, without a previous, specific consent of the authors is considered as infringement of copyright and may draw legal consequences.

Attention The WEB pages are continually refreshed, renewed. This is why it is worth to visit them frequently on-line. Not only new pages are put on but also the old pages are corrected, improved. Most of the browsers use cache function which speeds up reaching frequently visited pages by using a copy of the page stored on your hard disk. This is why, the renewed page can not be seen. To make sure that you see the current form of the page, use frequently the REFRESH / RELOAD button of the browser (usually shown as double, circular arrows). Refresh button may also help solving problems in reaching a missing page, since the links may also be modified and an old page in your cache might contain obsolete links.

The preparation of the English version of the WEB pages may lag behind the Hungarian versions. To let the students of the English Course utilize these pages best, if the English version of the page is not available yet, the link points to the Hungarian version in which you can see the figures and also - since you are supposed to understand at least basic Hungarian - may also give some explanation. Please note that from the Hungarian pages the links always show to further Hungarian links. To get back to the English pages, you should use the "BACK" button of your browser or start again from the home page..


If you have problem with reaching the web Pages of the Anatomy Department, you can trace up the cause and cure the problem following these steps:

  1. No Internet connection. Check if you see anything on the Internet. ATTENTION! If you see something, you may see some earlier downloaded pages cached in you hard disk. To make sure you see freshly downloaded document, use the REFRESH function (from the menu or by pressing the proper icon). If, after the refresh, no page appears, the cause of the problem is located in your computer (hardware or setup problem with your modem or network card) or with your Internet connection.
    Solution check your modem/network card or its setup. In case of problem with Internet connection, double-check your ID and password required to reach the Internet, or obtain information from your WEB service provider on a possible system down.
  2. Your Internet connection is fine, but you still can not make contact with our server.
    Causes: You gave wrong address. Rearly our server is off (normally it is on 24 hours a day) The first two pages of our WEB-site (e.g. the first page with the mosaic and the three brown buttons) need no password!
    Solution: Give our correct address ( - NO www in it!). If the server is off (usually not more than a for a couple of hours in a year...) you can obtain information through E-mail from us - we may be not aware of this problem.
  3. You can not go further from the second page.
    Cause: You gave incorrect User ID or password.
    Solution: Double check the ID and password you write in. The ID and password are case sensitive! Also, check the Caps Lock in your keyboard. However, NO ID/password are required if you reach us from within the Medical School (inside the firewall).
  4. You passed the second page, but the text and figures show up odd or invisible.
    Causes: To make our pages more usable and decorative, our pages utilize Java scripts and "style sheets"-. If your WEB browser is not ready to use them or the usage of these features are disabled (see the setup / options of your browser) you will have problems to see our pages.
    Solution: Download the latest (usually free) version of your favourite WEB browser and enable the usage of Java script and style sheets. Because Java scritps may help acquiring viruses (if you carelessly press buttons offered be some pages) the current versions of the browsers may disable Java scripts as default. Please study carefully the security information in your WEB browser and enalble the utilization of Java scripts for our WEB pages. You may also enable and disable it for a single WEB site... You may ask help from a "computer guru". Our pages contain no viruses. Characteristic symptoms of overtight security measures if "close" pages (e.g. from your hard disk or CD) shown fine, but you have problems in viewing similar pager from the Internet.

If you can read this piece of information (on white background) Java scripts and/or stylesheets do not function in your browser.
N.B. Due to an error in some earlier versions of Netscape, these lines can be read (on yellow background), even if Java works, after pressing REFRESH button on the browser or adjusting the size of the window. In this case, disregard this message.


For the richer content, utilize our WEB pages a variety of active elements. Unfortunately, because of their different internal structure, the various WEB browsers may show the WEB pages in different ways. Our pages were prepared under monitoring with Internet Explorer. The suggested minimal configuration is 1024x768 screen resolution with true colors. Because of the limitation of some other popular WEB browsers (e.g. Firefox, Chrome, Safari), our pages can be seen with these browsers only with some limitations. We make serious efforts to reduce these differences. In case of strange appearence of our pages it may help, if you use your browser in a MS Internet Explorer compatible mode. It is also suggested to update your favorite browser regularly

Your browser is:

Suggestions for appropriate setup of your browser to see our pages.

Your comments, suggestions are welcome:
Dr. Gabriella Horváth
Dr. Valér Csernus